Chapter 11. The smb.conf file

Chris Hertel

November 1997

Table of Contents

Lexical Analysis
Handling of Whitespace
Handling of Line Continuation
Line Continuation Quirks
Syntax
About params.c

Lexical Analysis

Basically, the file is processed on a line by line basis. There are four types of lines that are recognized by the lexical analyzer (params.c):

  1. Blank lines - Lines containing only whitespace.

  2. Comment lines - Lines beginning with either a semi-colon or a pound sign (';' or '#').

  3. Section header lines - Lines beginning with an open square bracket ('[').

  4. Parameter lines - Lines beginning with any other character. (The default line type.)

The first two are handled exclusively by the lexical analyzer, which ignores them. The latter two line types are scanned for

  1. - Section names

  2. - Parameter names

  3. - Parameter values

These are the only tokens passed to the parameter loader (loadparm.c). Parameter names and values are divided from one another by an equal sign: '='.

Handling of Whitespace

Whitespace is defined as all characters recognized by the isspace() function (see ctype(3C)) except for the newline character ('\n') The newline is excluded because it identifies the end of the line.

  1. The lexical analyzer scans past white space at the beginning of a line.

  2. Section and parameter names may contain internal white space. All whitespace within a name is compressed to a single space character.

  3. Internal whitespace within a parameter value is kept verbatim with the exception of carriage return characters ('\r'), all of which are removed.

  4. Leading and trailing whitespace is removed from names and values.

Handling of Line Continuation

Long section header and parameter lines may be extended across multiple lines by use of the backslash character ('\\'). Line continuation is ignored for blank and comment lines.

If the last (non-whitespace) character within a section header or on a parameter line is a backslash, then the next line will be (logically) concatenated with the current line by the lexical analyzer. For example:

	param name = parameter value string \
	with line continuation.

Would be read as

    param name = parameter value string     with line continuation.

Note that there are five spaces following the word 'string', representing the one space between 'string' and '\\' in the top line, plus the four preceding the word 'with' in the second line. (Yes, I'm counting the indentation.)

Line continuation characters are ignored on blank lines and at the end of comments. They are *only* recognized within section and parameter lines.

Line Continuation Quirks

Note the following example:

	param name = parameter value string \
    \
    with line continuation.

The middle line is *not* parsed as a blank line because it is first concatenated with the top line. The result is

param name = parameter value string         with line continuation.

The same is true for comment lines.

	param name = parameter value string \
	; comment \
    with a comment.

This becomes:

param name = parameter value string     ; comment     with a comment.

On a section header line, the closing bracket (']') is considered a terminating character, and the rest of the line is ignored. The lines

	[ section   name ] garbage \
    param  name  = value

are read as

	[section name]
    param name = value

Syntax

The syntax of the smb.conf file is as follows:

  <file>            :==  { <section> } EOF
  <section>         :==  <section header> { <parameter line> }
  <section header>  :==  '[' NAME ']'
  <parameter line>  :==  NAME '=' VALUE NL

Basically, this means that

  1. a file is made up of zero or more sections, and is terminated by an EOF (we knew that).

  2. A section is made up of a section header followed by zero or more parameter lines.

  3. A section header is identified by an opening bracket and terminated by the closing bracket. The enclosed NAME identifies the section.

  4. A parameter line is divided into a NAME and a VALUE. The *first* equal sign on the line separates the NAME from the VALUE. The VALUE is terminated by a newline character (NL = '\n').

About params.c

The parsing of the config file is a bit unusual if you are used to lex, yacc, bison, etc. Both lexical analysis (scanning) and parsing are performed by params.c. Values are loaded via callbacks to loadparm.c.